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UNFPA Indonesia collaborates with the Government of Indonesia each year to commemorate World Population Day. This year’s theme for the annual event is “Vulnerable Populations in Emergencies”.

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In 2014, UNFPA Indonesia attained results that solidified our role as a leader on population and development. Several substantive research publications were released and UNFPA continued to ensure that research was used for the development and implementation of evidence-based policies and programmes that led to real action on the ground.

Working closely with the Government of Indonesia, UNFPA continued to strive to reduce inequality and secure the rights of the most marginalized people in society, in particular women and young people.

As the agency approaches the end of its Eighth Country Programme (2011-2015), the foundational activities conducting in the early years of the programme translated to concrete action in 2014.

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This executive summary outlines how Indonesia can choose to take advantage of the upcoming favorable population trends of a demographic bonus, urbanization, and ageing population to achieve sustainable development, however a constructive policy environment is needed to support this important transition. Faced with a limited window of opportunity, policymakers should take advantage of this momentum to establish the appropriate policy environment that will shape Indonesia’s future toward sustainable development.

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This book outlines how Indonesia can choose to take advantage of the upcoming favorable population trends of a demographic bonus, urbanization, and ageing population to achieve sustainable development, however a constructive policy environment is needed to support this important transition. Faced with a limited window of opportunity, policymakers should take advantage of this momentum to establish the appropriate policy environment that will shape Indonesia’s future toward sustainable development. 

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This book, titled Populations Exposed to Natural Hazards, a study based on the 2010 population census in Indonesia contains the results of a study on the numbers of vulnerable groups and populations that are exposed to six types of high and medium level hazards in each of Indonesia’s 33 provinces.

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A population’s changing age structure can, under certain conditions, provide a powerful stimulus to economic growth and family welfare. The current demographic conditions in Indonesia are ripe for taking advantage of such a “demographic bonus” or “demographic dividend” in fact, favourable conditions have been in place for some timthat certain supporting conditions and policies are in place and operating effectively. It is important that implementation of the new Five- Year Development Plan 2015-2019 be consistent with these requirements.e but the window of opportunity will start to close after another decade or so. “The demographic dividend refers to the accelerated economic growth that begins with changes in the age structure of a country’s population as its transitions from high to low birth and death rates” (Gribble and Bremner 2012:2).

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Indonesia is a disaster prone country from a multitude of perspectives. While the country’s geographical location between two continents and two oceans provides great potential for economic development, it also makes it vulnerable to disasters. Geologically, Indonesia is located on three plates: the Eurasian Plate, the Indo-Australian Plate and the Pacific Plate. Coupled with a number of active volcanoes scattered across the land and seas that make Indonesia rich in mineral reserves, there are also very dynamic geological forces that can lead to potential disasters. Demographically, Indonesia’s large population with ethnic, cultural, and religious diversity – as well as disparities in economic and political conditions – are potential triggers of social conflict. Human behaviour during an emergency situation can create disturbances, ranging from small to national scale conflict. Political and ethnic unrest, armed conflicts with the military and social instability in Indonesia are common.

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The Provincial lnfographics Book is a compilation of statistical information which is focused on geography, population, employment, education, health, food security, water and sanitation, as well as natural disasters that occurred during the period of 2008-2012 in Indonesia.

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Indonesia has witnessed an increasing impact of natural disasters to the population in the past years. In the efforts to improving decision making process to avoid the negative impact of natural disasters becoming man-made disasters, information management plays a pivotal role. Various relevant stakeholders need to be more prepared on managing data and information. Well managed data and information will help calibrate the response and coordinate the influx of aid to ensure timely and efficiency of assistance to those who need help most.

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The National Population and Family Planning Board (BKKBN) with technical assistance provided by UNFPA has developed a compendium, utilizing data from the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS), that aimed to understand why men and women behave the way they do in relation to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and gender relations in Indonesia, titled ‘Male Knowledge and Attitudes Towards SRH and Gender Practices’. This analytical report provides empirical data to assist regional, provincial and national governments in their policy-making, programming and decision-making processes, with baseline data on men and masculinities that will also be useful for monitoring and evaluating sexual and reproductive health programmes.

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