UNFPA in Indonesia

UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, is an international development agency with a mission to “deliver a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every child birth is safe and every young person’s potential is fulfilled”.

These efforts are guided by the Programme of Action adopted at the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), UNFPA’s global Strategic Plan 2014-2017, and Sustainable Development Goals 2016-2030.

UNFPA began its partnership with Indonesia in 1972 to deliver strengthened family planning services, demographic research, and population education programmes at schools. Today, UNFPA is one of Indonesia’s most valued partners in reproductive health, youth, population and development, and gender equality.

As the world’s fourth most populous country, Indonesia remains a priority country for UNFPA, but the terms of engagement now reflect progress achieved and the country’s evolving population dynamics and level of development.

 

Country Profile

Indonesia, with more than 17,000 islands, is the largest archipelagic country  in the world.  Indonesia is a very ethnically and linguistically diverse country, with around 300 distinct native ethnic groups, and 742 different languages and dialects.[1]

Indonesia is a low-middle income country, with a GNI per capita of $3,630 in 2014. It is the world’s 10th largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity and the largest economy in South East Asia. Indonesia has experienced improved standards of living, as a result of steady economic development in the past decades.[2]

 

Key Figures:

 

 
Note: As for 2015, The data is primarily derived from 2015 Inter-censal Survey, with some exceptions for some variables because 2015 SUPAS data processing is still undergoing in BPS-Statistics Indonesia

 

9th Country Programme (2016-2020)

The 2016-2020 Ninth Country Programme (CP9) between the Government of Indonesia (GOI) and UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, provides the framework for UNFPA’s work in Indonesia. The Ninth Country Programme Document (CPD) was endorsed by the Executive Board of UNFPA on 30 June, 2015.

The Country Programme Action Plan (CPAP) 2016-2020 outlines the outputs and key strategies. It also describes the roles and responsibilities of the Government of Indonesia and UNFPA in the implementation of the Ninth Country Programme. The CPAP was signed by Prof Dr. Sofyan Djalil – Minister of National Development Planning / Chairperson of Bappenas and Dr. Annette Sachs Robertson – UNFPA Representative, on 29 March 2016.

The CPAP was developed based on the Ninth Country Programme Document (2016-2020), and United Nations Partnership for Development Framework (UNPDF) 2016-2020. It is also aligned with the national priorities conveyed through the Government of Indonesia Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional (RPJMN) 2015-2019 (or the National Medium Term Development Plan 2015-2019).

CP9 focuses on the provision of advocacy, policy advice, and knowledge management for five outputs:

  • Maternal health and HIV-SRH linkages
  • Rights-based family planning;
  • Youth and adolescent sexual and reproductive health;
  • Prevention of gender-based violence and harmful practices
  • Population dynamics and data utilisation.

 

Partnership

UNFPA implements its programmes through partnerships with several Government of Indonesia ministries, departments and agencies including:

  • Ministry of National Development Planning / National Development Planning Agency (BAPPENAS)
  • National Population and Family Planning Board (BKKBN)
  • Ministry of Health (MOH)
  • Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection (MOWECP)
  • BPS-Statistics Indonesia;
  • National AIDS Commission (NAC)
  • National Commission on Prevention of Violence Against Women (Komnas Perempuan).

Additionally, UNFPA maintains active partnerships with other UN Agencies, other Government bodies, civil society organizations, faith-based organizations, the private sector, philanthropists, and youth and women’s networks.

 

South-South and Triangular Cooperation: Sharing Indonesia’s best Practices with The World

Indonesia, as an emerging middle-income country and a member of the G20, envisions playing an important role leading international development cooperation. South-South Cooperation (SSC) advances Indonesia’s role, regionally and globally, sharing its successes and lessons while learning from others.

The SSC framework complements the Indonesian policy of self-reliance and partnership among all nations, as outlined in the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019.

To support this vision, UNFPA will continue its support the government in bilateral and multi-lateral South-South and Triangular (SSTC) by showcasing Indonesia’s successes in family planning, the role of religious leaders in family planning, and population data.

Current SSTC Programmes

1. Strategic Partnership with Muslim Religious Leaders (MRLs) in Family Planning (FP)

BKKBN, Ministry of State Secretariat, and UNFPA have jointly designed a training course for other developing countries on Strategic Partnership with MRLs in FP. This SSTC programme was started in 2013 and will be done yearly with 20 scholarships.

2. Comprehensive, Rights-based FP

BKKBN, and Faculty of Medicine of Gadjah Mada University (UGM) established the Center of Excellence to organize International Training on Comprehensive, Rights-based FP. The Center, located at UGM started to operate in 2015 and will continue to provide capacity building for FP service providers from other developing countries.

3. Bilateral SSTC with the Government of the Philippines

A bilateral SSTC on FP between Indonesia and the Philippines was started in 2012.  Facilitated by UNFPA Country Offices, the partnership enables sharing of experiences for mutual gain of both countries. 

 

New SSTC initiatives

1. FP Services in Universal Health Coverage (UHC)

Considering its rich experience in FP, UNFPA will provide support to Indonesia to lead the role in establishing an SSTC programme among several countries through ASEAN Secretariat to strengthen the FP component in their respective social insurance schemes to achieve the goals. 

2. Harnessing the Demographic Dividend through National/Subnational Development Plans/Policies

The Government has taken concrete actions to anticipate the implication of demographic dividend by incorporating it in its current Medium Term Development Plan and puting in place policies to harness the economic benefits.  Indonesia’s experience and lessons learned would be a potential area of cooperation with other developing countries experiencing similar demographic transitions.

 

 


[1] wikipedia.org
[2] worldbank.org/en/country/indonesia/overview
[3] 2000 Indonesian Population Census
[4] Unless footnoted, data derived from 2015 Inter-censal Population Survey
[5] 2010-2035 Indonesian Population Projection
[6] Ibid
[7] Ibid
[8] Ibid
[9] Ibid
[10] Ibid
[11] Percentage of all women age 15-49 currently using contraceptive methods
[12] National Survey of Socio-Economy 2010 - Percentage of married women age 15-49 currently using contraceptive methods