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Addressing the impacts of climate change is a strategic issue that requires a comprehensive and sustainable approach. As a result of climate change, global temperatures are expected to continue to rise, resulting insea level rise and an increase in the frequency of extreme weather events such as floods, droughts, landslides andstorms. These hazards are expected to affect natural ecosystems as well as human communities through their costly impacts on basic services, infrastructure, housing, economic livelihood and health.

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The theme of World Population Day 2013 is “Adolescent Pregnancy”. Globally, it is estimated that 16 million girls aged 15-19 give birth each year (World Health Organization 2011). As part of UNFPA’s review of this theme, Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin, UNFPA Executive Director has highlighted that adolescent pregnancy is not simply a health issue because it is deeply rooted in fundamental rights concerns such as poverty, gender inequality, violence, child, forced marriage, power imbalances between girls and their partners, lack of education, and the failure of systems and institutions that otherwise should be protecting their rights. It is also clear that adolescent pregnancy is barrier to achieving effective development outcomes. Ultimately, the cost of adolescent pregnancy is lost potential, both for the girls and their communities. Pregnancy in young women often means they must give up goals of finishing secondary school and therefore the opportunities that would have otherwise been available to them.

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The National Population and Family Planning Board (BKKBN) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), with the support of the President’s Delivery Unit for Development Monitoring and Oversight (UKP4), hosted an Expert Group Meeting on Population Dynamics and the post-2015 Development Framework. A group of national policy makers and experts were joined by regional and international scholars. Policy analysts attended presentations and participated in Working Groups to define a set of recommendations to be incorporated into the emerging new development framework

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The Indonesian archipelago is geographically susceptible to natural disasters because of the country’s location at the juncture of three active tectonic plates: the Pacific plate, the Indo- Australia plate and the Eurasia plate. There are several active volcanoes scattered throughout the islands and the surrounding sea. Major disasters strike periodically, taking lives and devastating infrastructure. Man-made environmental and complex emergencies also trigger humanitarian events in Indonesia, ranging from small-scale to national-level emergencies.

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In focusing the achievement of MDG Goal 5, that is improve maternal health, the collaboration of all stakeholders to perform effective, efficient and consistent measures is required to accelerate the maternal and neonatal mortality rate reduction in Indonesia. Therefore, the Ministry of Health establishes an action plan for the acceleration of maternal mortality rate reduction 2013-2015, which focuses on 3 strategies and 7 main programs. 
 
This Action Plan is expected to create the same understanding for all stakeholders about the concept of maternal and neonatal mortality and the effective and efficient measures to prevent them. These efforts require a strong commitment from all stakeholders to accelerate maternal mortality rate reduction in Indonesia, which is set forth in the Regional Action Plan.
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We, Indonesian and international experts in population and development, met in Bali, Indonesia, for the Expert Group Meeting on Population Dynamics and the Post 2015 Development Agenda.

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We, the undersigned Heads of United Nations organisations, are deeply concerned that
violence against women and girls continues to be one of the most pervasive manifestations
of discrimination against women and violations of human rights. Violence against women
and girls is a universal phenomenon and its levels remain unacceptably high. As many
as seven in ten women in various parts of the world report having experienced physical
and/or sexual violence at some point in their lifetime, most of them at the hands of
intimate partners

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Every day in developing countries, 20,000 girls below age 18 give birth. Nine in 10 of these births occur within marriage or a union. This has consequences on the health, education, employment and rights of an untold millions of girls. What are the challenges of adolescent pregnancy, and what can we do to ensure girls have a healthy and safe transition into adulthood?  

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Planning the number and timing of one’s children is today largely taken for granted by the millions of people who have the means and power to do so. Yet a large proportion of the world’s people do not enjoy the right to choose when and how many children to have because they have no access to family planning information and services, or because the quality of services available to them is so poor that they go without and are vulnerable to unintended pregnancy.

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Indonesia’s family planning program has been recognized as one of the key international successes in national-level interventions on reproductive health. During the past 40 years, Indonesia has achieved a significant drop in the total fertility rate from 5.6 in the late 1960s to a current rate of 2.3.1 The use of contraceptives among adults of reproductive age rose steadily from 18.3% in 1976 to 61.4% in 2007. 2 This can be directly credited to the family planning program founded in 1970 under the auspices of the National Family Planning Coordination Board (BKKBN – now the National Population and Family Planning Board) with the goals of addressing rapid population growth leading to economic progress and improving the health and quality of life for citizens.

Full review

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