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Indonesia’s family planning program has been recognized as one of the key international successes in national-level interventions on reproductive health. During the past 40 years, Indonesia has achieved a significant drop in the total fertility rate from 5.6 in the late 1960s to a current rate of 2.3.1 The use of contraceptives among adults of reproductive age rose steadily from 18.3% in 1976 to 61.4% in 2007. 2 This can be directly credited to the family planning program founded in 1970 under the auspices of the National Family Planning Coordination Board (BKKBN – now the National Population and Family Planning Board) with the goals of addressing rapid population growth leading to economic progress and improving the health and quality of life for citizens.