Population Data



Country Programme Action Plan Output:

Enhanced national and sub-national capacity in the production, use and dissemination of quality statistical data, including in humanitarian settings.


Population Data for Development Planning

Information about growth, movements, structures, living conditions, spatial distribution and natural resources of a country's population is vital for relevant policy formulation, planning and implementation, and for monitoring and evaluation. For this reason, collection and analysis of data on population and development-related issues play a fundamental role in policymaking.


UNFPA supports Statistics Indonesia (BPS), Indonesia’s national statistical organization, and associated project partners, on a range of activities designed to extend the supply and use of quality statistical data to support and facilitate evidence-based planning on population dynamics and related human welfare issues in Indonesia. UNFPA supports the Government of Indonesia through strengthening the capacity of institutions to analyze and use population data for policy planning and formulation.


As the results of the 2010 census and other demographic data become available, UNFPA is working closely with BPS and other partners, such as universities and research centres, to disseminate, analyze and use the findings for devising evidence-based policy. As part of these efforts, UNFPA is supporting capacity-building for population study centres across Indonesia to enable authorities to analyze census results to aid their own development planning. 


The programme involves the development of an official set of life tables for Indonesia, the development of a census-based district information system designed to support local governments in their planning activities, supporting the sample and content design of the national intercensal survey to be conducted in 2015, and to help develop BPS’s capacity to make its population statistics more readily available to users, both in terms of format and time.


UNFPA has commissioned substantive analyses of available data on several key population and reproductive health issues, including adolescent pregnancy and ageing, and is preparing for further studies in relation to youth, gender-based violence, urbanization and climate change.


Population Data in Disaster Preparedness

Located on the Pacific “Ring of Fire”, Indonesia is faced with the ongoing challenge of handling natural disasters. Through collaboration with the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB), UNFPA has been able to facilitate the use of population data managed by Statistics Indonesia (BPS) for disaster management preparedness, acute response and recovery plans.


Readily available, accurate data is a cornerstone of effective humanitarian operations, ranging in application from disaster preparedness and conflict prevention to emergency relief, rehabilitation and reconstruction.


UNFPA, BPS and BNPB have collaborated to develop a robust Population Baseline Data System that will bolster the capacity of national and sub-national authorities to prepare for and respond to disasters and emergencies.


A data-sharing agreement signed in February 2013 by BPS and BNPB has paved the way for the innovative use of population data to strengthen Indonesia’s National Disaster Management Plan. The project combines the National 2010 Population Census with the 2011 Village Potential Survey (PODES) to identify population vulnerabilities and local capabilities to respond when disasters strike.


A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between BPS and BNPB covers the provision and use of socioeconomic, cultural, environmental and historical disaster information. Seven other agencies have joined the MoU, including the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection, the Ministry of Research and Technology, and the Ministry of Public Works.


UNFPA is also playing a key role in providing technical assistance to BNPB in the use of population data for the National Tsunami Preparedness Master Plan.