Two international principles and three national principles influence and guide UNFPA Indonesia on its work in reproductive health, gender, and population issues. The International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are the two international principles that provide working framework for UNFPA in Indonesia. In regards to national principles, The Jakarta Commitment, 2010-2014 Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional/RPJMN (National Medium-Term Development Plan), and 2005-2025 Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Panjang Nasional/RPJPN (National Long-Term Development Plan) also shaped UNFPA’s framework in Indonesia.
The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo was a milestone in the history of population and development, as well as in the history of women's rights. During the conference, 179 countries agreed that population and development are inextricably linked, and that population is not only about numbers but also about people. Implicit in this rights-based approach is the idea that every person counts. The conference also made it clear that empowerment of women is not simply an end in itself, but also a step towards eradicating poverty and stabilizing population growth. Reproductive health and rights are cornerstones of women's empowerment.
At the Millennium Summit in 2000, 189 Member States agreed to help the world's poorest countries significantly by the year 2015. A framework for progress consisting of eight goals derived from the Millennium Declaration was adopted by these world leaders – hence, the birth of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDGs serve as a time-bound, achievable blueprint for reducing poverty and improving lives agreed to by all countries and all leading development institutions. They guide and focus development priorities for governments, donors and practitioner agencies worldwide. In regards to its mandate, UNFPA is particularly focusing on MDG #3 (gender equality), MDG #5 (maternal health), and MDG #6 (HIV/AIDS).
The Jakarta Commitment, signed in 2009 by the Government of Indonesia (GoI) and 21 developing partners, redefines the relationship between donors and recipients in Indonesia’s development context. The Jakarta Commitment was signed as a follow-up to the 2005 Paris Declaration in aid effectiveness, in which the GoI asserted its leadership and ownership of development cooperation processes and operations. The Jakarta Commitment: Aid for Development Effectiveness is a road map for the Government of Indonesia and its development partners to implement the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the Accra Agenda for Action in Indonesia by 2014. Under the Jakarta Commitment, GoI has called for: (i) stronger national ownership in defining and planning development with external partners; (ii) a shift from donor-recipient relationships to those of equal partnerships of mutual benefit; (iii) moving from financial assistance to a more strategic and catalytic role of aid; (iv) transition from scattered project-based partnerships to a more programmatic approach; (v) stronger focus on capacity development and results-orientation embedded in national programmes; and (vi) greater mutual accountability and alignment between the government and international partners.
The 2010-2014 RPJMN is a medium-term, inclusive national development strategy created by the GoI in consultation with stakeholders from civil society and private sectors. The RPJMN aims for wealth creation at all levels of society, based on equity, justice and diversity. It has a strong territorial dimension, placing emphasis on the development of regional capacities within an integrated national economy. RPJMN also promotes the development of human resources, talents and skills by focusing on improvements in access to and quality of education, health, social protection and living conditions for the most vulnerable. Special attention is given to South-South learning and knowledge exchange.
The 2005-2025 RPJPN is a long-term national development strategy that is collectively built and supported by five RPJMNs. The RPJPN serves as a framework and guidance for each of the RPJMN within the Plan’s 20-year span.