Addressing Gender-Based Violence and Harmful Practices



Country Programme Action Plan Output:

Strengthened national and sub-national capacity for addressing gender-based violence (GBV) and provision of quality services, including in humanitarian settings.

Promoting gender equity, equality and the empowerment of women is a core mandate of UNFPA throughout the world. In Indonesia, gender-related work is concentrated on reducing gender-based violence and combating human trafficking. In addition, UNFPA engages religious communities and local government leaders to address issues related to the harmful practices of female genital mutilation/cutting and early marriage.


Coordinating a National Approach to Stop Gender-Based Violence

UNFPA is working with the Government of Indonesia to strengthen the national coordination mechanism for addressing gender-based violence (GBV) by supporting the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection (MOWECP) and the National Commission for the Elimination of Violence against Women (Komnas Perempuan).


In 2010, MOWECP and related ministries issued a Minister Decree on a Minimum Standard of Services (MSS) for Survivors of Violence aagainst Women and Children. UNFPA supports the Government of Indonesia's efforts to strengthen the multi-sectoral response to gender-based violence by promoting the use of the MSS among a variety of service providers, including in the health sector, as well as via psychosocial support, legal services and the police.


The programme on 2014-2015 will focus on assisting MOWECP in developing guidelines for comprehensive programming, including response to and prevention of GBV, establishing coordination mechanisms, strengthening national capacity for addressing GBV in the health sector, establishing GBV sub-cluster coordination for humanitarian situations, and improving the evidence base for advocacy on harmful practices. The programme aims to ensure full participation of all related stakeholders and civil society organizations.


UNFPA is also supporting the incorporation of GBV guidelines into emergency preparedness plans of the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) and is supporting the MOWECP and Statistics Indonesia (BPS) to conduct a survey on violence against women, an initiative that will fill significant gaps in data on GBV in Indonesia.


UNFPA is also supporting NCVAW to advocate for Sexual Violence through RPJMN development and also NCVAW its own strategic planning process.


Research and Advocacy on Harmful Practices

In 2012, a review under the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination aagainst Women (CEDAW) highlighted several harmful practices that need to be addressed in Indonesia, such as child marriage and female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C).


Child marriage is a human rights abuse and constitutes a grave threat to young girls’ lives, health and future prospects. Marriage for a girl can lead to complications related to pregnancy and childbirth, can mean the end of her education, negatively affect her chances of a vocation or career, and steal from her foundational life choices.


FGM/C has no known health benefits and is harmful to girls and women in many ways. It is painful and traumatic, interferes with the natural functioning of the body, and can cause immediate and long-term health consequences. Data on the prevalence of FGM/C in Indonesia is not available, yet FGM/C practices are reported to take place in several areas across the country. UNFPA is working to support the development of evidence-based information identifying these harmful practices so that the resources can be available for government and civil society for use in advocacy and policy initiatives addressing these issues.


Male Involvement

UNFPA Indonesia through the 8th country programme - CP8 (2011-2015) emphasizes the crucial need to advance the agenda for broader male involvement to achieve gender equality and to address violence against women and girls. Since early CP8 UNFPA engaged the government and civil society partners to strengthen male involvement initiatives under the SRHR and Violence against Women and Girls strategies and programmes.