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A population’s changing age structure can, under certain conditions, provide a powerful stimulus to economic growth and family welfare. The current demographic conditions in Indonesia are ripe for taking advantage of such a “demographic bonus” or “demographic dividend” in fact, favourable conditions have been in place for some timthat certain supporting conditions and policies are in place and operating effectively. It is important that implementation of the new Five- Year Development Plan 2015-2019 be consistent with these requirements.e but the window of opportunity will start to close after another decade or so. “The demographic dividend refers to the accelerated economic growth that begins with changes in the age structure of a country’s population as its transitions from high to low birth and death rates” (Gribble and Bremner 2012:2).

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Indonesia is a signatory of the Millennium Declaration, which outlines the global
agenda for human development through a set of inter-connected and mutually reinforcing
goals called the Millennium Development Goals. Family planning (FP) indicators are included
in Goal 5b on achieving universal access to reproductive health by 2015. This goal consists
of indicators such as the contraceptive prevalence rate, adolescent fertility rate and unmet
need for family planning.

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Indonesia is a disaster prone country from a multitude of perspectives. While the country’s geographical location between two continents and two oceans provides great potential for economic development, it also makes it vulnerable to disasters. Geologically, Indonesia is located on three plates: the Eurasian Plate, the Indo-Australian Plate and the Pacific Plate. Coupled with a number of active volcanoes scattered across the land and seas that make Indonesia rich in mineral reserves, there are also very dynamic geological forces that can lead to potential disasters. Demographically, Indonesia’s large population with ethnic, cultural, and religious diversity – as well as disparities in economic and political conditions – are potential triggers of social conflict. Human behaviour during an emergency situation can create disturbances, ranging from small to national scale conflict. Political and ethnic unrest, armed conflicts with the military and social instability in Indonesia are common.

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Indonesia has witnessed an increasing impact of natural disasters to the population in the past years. In the efforts to improving decision making process to avoid the negative impact of natural disasters becoming man-made disasters, information management plays a pivotal role. Various relevant stakeholders need to be more prepared on managing data and information. Well managed data and information will help calibrate the response and coordinate the influx of aid to ensure timely and efficiency of assistance to those who need help most.

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The Provincial lnfographics Book is a compilation of statistical information which is focused on geography, population, employment, education, health, food security, water and sanitation, as well as natural disasters that occurred during the period of 2008-2012 in Indonesia.

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The National Population and Family Planning Board (BKKBN) with technical assistance provided by UNFPA has developed a compendium, utilizing data from the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS), that aimed to understand why men and women behave the way they do in relation to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and gender relations in Indonesia, titled ‘Male Knowledge and Attitudes Towards SRH and Gender Practices’. This analytical report provides empirical data to assist regional, provincial and national governments in their policy-making, programming and decision-making processes, with baseline data on men and masculinities that will also be useful for monitoring and evaluating sexual and reproductive health programmes.

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The KitaBisa Foundation focuses on facilitating
and promoting cross-sectoral collaboration to
support projects that create social impact and
betterment for Indonesia, from those addressing
poverty, education, health care, the environment,
religious and community issues, to creative
and technology-based projects.

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There is much to celebrate in Indonesia today. Overthe past decade and a half, Indonesia has risenfrom the economic turmoil and political discordof the late 1990s to become a politically stable,thriving democracy. Strong economic growth has seen thenation emerge as a middle-income country with the largesteconomy in Southeast Asia. By 2050, Indonesia is projectedto have the 6th largest economy in the world. Along withsignificant economic and social progress, Indonesia’spopulation is changing rapidly—characterized by decliningfertility, increasing life expectancies and acceleratedmigration to urban areas.

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This report will be an excellent source of information to refer to when discussing the issues of the midwifery workforce. It is hoped that, in the upcoming Government of Indonesia – UNFPA partnership in the 9th Country Programme, the recommendations can be further elaborated to compliment the work of Indonesian Government, particularly the Ministry of Health, and provide a concrete basis for action on improving the quality of midwifery services nationwide.
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The Indonesian government requires a set of population projections for
planning purposes, and a new official set of projections is prepared after each
population census has been completed. The latest set of projections were
completed and presented to the public on 29 January 2014, at an occasion
presided over by the President. These projections are for the population of
Indonesia as a whole, as well as for each of its 33 provinces. They were prepared
by a team comprising representatives from relevant government agencies and
university experts, reporting to Ministry of National Development Planning/
National Development Planning Agency (Kementerian PPN/Bappenas) and
BPS-Statistics Indonesia. Preparation of the projections was supported by
the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)

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