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This issue brief summarizes key priorities and facts on youth and economic development within Indonesia’s context, and connects these facts with the new trends towards creative economy and innovation. The issue brief uses youth-related studies, publications, lessons learned, and findings conducted by different stakeholders, including UNFPA and partner agencies. It is developed by the UNFPA Youth Advisory Panel, a group of young people under the age of 24 who advocate for the involvement of young people in UNFPA’s mandates and programmes.

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This issue brief summaries key priorities and facts on youth participation in development within Indonesia’s context. The issue brief uses youth-related studies, publications, lessons learned, and findings conducted by different stakeholders, including UNFPA and partner agencies. This issue brief was developed by young people under age of 24 to sound their voice on how young people should be involved as co-authors and co-producers of future development.

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UNFPA Indonesia collaborates with the Government of Indonesia each year to commemorate World Population Day. This year’s theme for the annual event is “Vulnerable Populations in Emergencies”.

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In 2014, UNFPA Indonesia attained results that solidified our role as a leader on population and development. Several substantive research publications were released and UNFPA continued to ensure that research was used for the development and implementation of evidence-based policies and programmes that led to real action on the ground.Working closely with the Government of Indonesia, UNFPA continued to strive to reduce inequality and secure the rights of the most marginalized people in society, in particular women and young people.As the agency approaches the end of its Eighth Country Programme (2011-2015), the foundational activities conducting in the early years of the programme translated to concrete action in 2014.

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This book outlines how Indonesia can choose to take advantage of the upcoming favorable population trends of a demographic bonus, urbanization, and ageing population to achieve sustainable development, however a constructive policy environment is needed to support this important transition. Faced with a limited window of opportunity, policymakers should take advantage of this momentum to establish the appropriate policy environment that will shape Indonesia’s future toward sustainable development.
 

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This executive summary outlines how Indonesia can choose to take advantage of the upcoming favorable population trends of a demographic bonus, urbanization, and ageing population to achieve sustainable development, however a constructive policy environment is needed to support this important transition. Faced with a limited window of opportunity, policymakers should take advantage of this momentum to establish the appropriate policy environment that will shape Indonesia’s future toward sustainable development.

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This book, titled Populations Exposed to Natural Hazards, a study based on the 2010 population census in Indonesia contains the results of a study on the numbers of vulnerable groups and populations that are exposed to six types of high and medium level hazards in each of Indonesia’s 33 provinces.

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A population’s changing age structure can, under certain conditions, provide a powerful stimulus to economic growth and family welfare. The current demographic conditions in Indonesia are ripe for taking advantage of such a “demographic bonus” or “demographic dividend” in fact, favourable conditions have been in place for some timthat certain supporting conditions and policies are in place and operating effectively. It is important that implementation of the new Five- Year Development Plan 2015-2019 be consistent with these requirements.e but the window of opportunity will start to close after another decade or so. “The demographic dividend refers to the accelerated economic growth that begins with changes in the age structure of a country’s population as its transitions from high to low birth and death rates” (Gribble and Bremner 2012:2).

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Indonesia is a signatory of the Millennium Declaration, which outlines the global
agenda for human development through a set of inter-connected and mutually reinforcing
goals called the Millennium Development Goals. Family planning (FP) indicators are included
in Goal 5b on achieving universal access to reproductive health by 2015. This goal consists
of indicators such as the contraceptive prevalence rate, adolescent fertility rate and unmet
need for family planning.

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Indonesia is a disaster prone country from a multitude of perspectives. While the country’s geographical location between two continents and two oceans provides great potential for economic development, it also makes it vulnerable to disasters. Geologically, Indonesia is located on three plates: the Eurasian Plate, the Indo-Australian Plate and the Pacific Plate. Coupled with a number of active volcanoes scattered across the land and seas that make Indonesia rich in mineral reserves, there are also very dynamic geological forces that can lead to potential disasters. Demographically, Indonesia’s large population with ethnic, cultural, and religious diversity – as well as disparities in economic and political conditions – are potential triggers of social conflict. Human behaviour during an emergency situation can create disturbances, ranging from small to national scale conflict. Political and ethnic unrest, armed conflicts with the military and social instability in Indonesia are common.

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