Adolescents and Youth




Country Programme Action Plan Output:

Improved programming for essential sexual and reproductive health services to adolescents and young people.


In Indonesia, there are more than 65 million young people, defined as those between 10 and 24 years of age, representing about 28% of the population. For the next 15 years or so, they will constitute the main driver of economic growth and social change in Indonesia. Like many other countries, Indonesia has a high proportion of young people and the government should plan to take advantage of the resultant ‘demographic bonus’ to achieve development goals. Never before has such a group—well educated, socially mobile, digitally interconnected, and well-positioned in an expanding labour market—had the potential to change the composition of the country.


Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health

Young people also face challenges, particularly in the area of sexual and reproductive health (SRH). The vast majority of Indonesian youths can name one kind of contraception and have heard of AIDS. However, research indicates that only 20% know how to prevent sexual transmission of HIV, and that this figure has been declining over time. This is reflected in the fact that nearly 40% of new, confirmed AIDS cases are found in people between the ages of 20 and 29, meaning the initial HIV infection likely occurred between the ages of 15-24. Transmission through unprotected sex accounts for more than half of all reported HIV infections in Indonesia.


UNFPA supports the rights of young people to a full range of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services and education appropriate to their context. In order to respond to the needs of adolescents and young people, it is important to provide them with accurate and balanced information about sexuality and about how to develop healthy relationships and make decisions for themselves. UNFPA’s work in Indonesia on youth issues seeks to improve programming for essential SRH education for adolescents and young people. To achieve this goal, UNFPA will work with the Ministry of Health to revise the National Strategy for Adolescent Health and to develop national reference materials for teachers to deliver comprehensive SRH education.


UNFPA is also working with non-government partners in relation to the SRH needs of youth and young people. A pilot project has been set up in Yogyakarta to develop a model that works with the private sector in the provision of adolescent sexual and reproductive health services. The model involves partnering general practitioners with youth networks to provide comprehensive sexual and reproductive health education and services, including information on and services for contraception for sexually active and unmarried young people. This project uses innovative approaches to build the capacities of private sector service providers to deliver gender-sensitive and youth-friendly comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services for young people.


Youth Leadership

Indonesian young people want to have a role in their country’s response to key development challenges and are actively pursuing avenues to make their voices heard. UNFPA’s activities relating to youth issues focus on supporting the Government of Indonesia to assist and collaborate with young people towards development of the nation. There is also a need for assistance from young people themselves, in the form of advice and technical guidance on how best to manage the issues that affect them.


UNFPA has developed approaches to empower young people and develop youth leadership by building on the momentum of the Global Youth Forum in 2012, which took place in Bali. UNFPA works with its Youth Advisory Panel to empower youth and promote youth leadership on population issues, and to ensure youth-friendly approaches and action. UNFPA established a Youth Advisory Panel, comprising of 12-15 outstanding young Indonesians to collaborate with UNFPA on their programmes and activities. The YAP members are young people from all over Indonesia (particularly Jakarta, Yogyakarta, Papua and Kupang), aged between 17-22 years, who are affiliated with local and national youth networks.


National Youth Strategy

UNFPA is collaborating with the Ministry of Youth and Sport to provide technical and demographic assistance to support the development of a National Youth Strategy. This collaboration entails several activities, including:


  • Conducting Youth Mapping to identify youth organizations, programmes and priorities in Indonesia; and
  • Developing a Youth Monograph, which will be prepared by academics and experts who will analyze the impact of population data on youth and the demographic bonus in Indonesia.


UNFPA will also develop a background paper on youth to be used in the preparation of the Government of Indonesia’s Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2015-1019. The research for this paper will focus on mainstreaming adolescent issues related to health, education, social protection and youth leadership into the RPJMN 2015-2019.


The United Nations Inter-Agency Network on Youth Development (IANYD) in Indonesia was established in July 2013. It is a network consisting of United Nations agencies in Indonesia whose work is relevant to youth. The overall aim of the network is to increase the effectiveness of UN work in youth development by strengthening collaboration and exchange. The IANYD also serves as a platform to initiate dialogue on collaboration for youth programmes among the relevant agencies. UNFPA is currently acting Chair of IANYD in Indonesia.